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The Spatial Culture of Factories

John Peponis


This paper argues that factory layouts have social functions over and above the purely technical ones and that such functions can be described with accuracy. It relates the fundamental design choices that are identified by the analysis to the spatial requirements of organizations. Thus, it suggests that the design of factory space has strategic effects on the culture of workplaces. Spatial variables are based on the theory of space syntax developed at the Unit for Architectural Studies, University College London. Measures of interaction are based on network theory. The analysis rests on evidence from six case studies of factories located in England and in Greece.

This article is a republication of: Peponis, John. (1985) The Spatial Culture of Factories. Human Relations Vol. 38 (4) pp. 357-390. Copyright © 1985 by Tavistock Institute of Human Relations. Reprinted by permission of SAGE Publications, Ltd. It is republished in JOSS after written agreement between JOSS and SAGE.

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